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How To: Build an Inkle Loom

Needle crafts, tutorial  |  September 30th 2011  |  0 Comment

inkleloom-finishedh.jpg

Materials

Select hardwoods like red cedar or oak:
1″ X 2″ X 12″ (3/4″ X 1 1/2″ X 24″ actual size)
1″ X 3″ X 24″ (3/4″ X 2 1/2″ X 24″ actual size)
1″ X 4″ X 48″ (3/4″ X 3 1/2″ X 48″ actual size)
1″ X 6″ X 24″ (3/4″ X 6 1/2″ X 24″ actual size)

2 lengths of 3/4″ dowel rod, 36″ long
Sandpaper
Wood glue
4 wood screws, 5/8″ (#8)
12 wood screws, 1 1/2″ (#8)
Scrap block of wood
, to help press pegs into holes
1/4″ hanger bolt
1/4″ disc washer
1/4″ wing nut
Polyurethane sealant

Tools

Hand saw, see “Optional” below for a list of appropriate power tools to speed up this project
Compound angle
Measuring tape
Pencil
Drill
, a drill press is really handy if you have one
3/8″ flat wood bit
Coping saw
3/4″ flat wood bit
Clamps
1/8″ drill bit
, for pilot holes
Workbench
3/16″ drill bit
, for hanger bolt placement
Phillips-head screwdriver, to fit wood screws

Optional:
A powered rotary hand saw, table saw, or miter saw would be ideal for making quick work of cutting your hardwood. It can be done with the hand saw, but because we are using hardwood, it will take persistence and patience. Just don’t feel like you have to buy a new saw to build your inkle loom.

inkleloom_finished.jpg

Directions

Step 1: Cut down all your wood to the following sizes:
(1) 1″ X 4″ X 30″ (Piece A)
(2) 1″ X 3″ X 12″ (Pieces B)
(1) 1″ X 2″ X 5″ (Piece C)
(1) 1″ X 6″ X 16″ (Piece D)
(7) 3/4″ dowel rod, 5 1/4″ lengths (Pieces E)

inkleloom_step2a.jpg

Step 2: Make your laps: corner lap and plain lap cuts.
This will rock your woodworking world. It’s so simple to do once you know how. It looks really nice and adds extra stability to your loom. Grab your compound angle, pencil, measuring tape, and pieces A and B, and measure where your lap cuts will go. Use the illustration to see the exact placement of each lap.
a. Use the compound angle to mark straight lines. Measure the placement as well as the depth. You’ll use the lines to guide your cuts.
Note: For the plain lap in piece A, drill a hole with the 3/8″ flat bit at the corner of the lap so you can turn the saw when you get to the 90 degree turn.
b. Use your coping saw to cut out the lap. Cut the short depth first – it makes it easier to keep the cut even.
c. Sand everything so it’s nice and smooth.

inkleloom_step3a.jpg

Step 3: Cut the tension rod’s slot.
a. Mark out a rectangle 3/8″ X 5″ in pencil 2″ from the end of piece A – the opposite side of the laps – centered vertically.
b. Use the 3/8″ drill bit to drill a pilot hole at both ends of the rectangle. This will give the end of the slot a nice rounded corner.
c. Remove the blade from your coping saw and slide it through the 3/8″ hole. Fit the blade back into the saw and cut along the lines of the rectangle.
d. Sand to remove any burrs and slightly round the edges of the cut.

inkleloom_step4.jpg

Step 4: Attach pieces B to A.
a. Apply a generous amount of wood glue to one of the lapped cuts in piece A and clamp one of B in place.
b. Use the 1/8″ bit to drill two pilot screw holes.
c. Use the 5/8″ wood screws to secure in place.
Repeat for the second piece B.

Step 5: Measure and cut recessed peg holes.
a. Measure out the center points for each recessed peg hole as shown.
b. Clamp your loom to your workbench. Using your 3/4″ flat wood bit, cut peg holes 1/4″ deep.
c. Use the 1/8″ bit to drill out the center point all the way to the other side – this is your guide so you know where to place your screws from the backside.

Step 6: Attach pegs.
a. Put a generous amount of glue in a hole, using a scrap block of wood to fit the peg all the way into the hole.
b. From the backside of the loom, use the 1 1/2″ wood screws to screw through pieces B and A and into pieces E (the pegs). Because of the pilot holes we predrilled, this should be a snap.

inkleloom_step7.jpg

inkleloom_step7c.jpg

Step 7: Attach the base.
a. Clamp the loom down on its side. Put a bead of wood glue along the edge of piece D and line it up to the right edge of the loom.
b. Drill 5 pilot holes, equally spaced, and use the 1 1/2″ screws to secure it.

inkleloom_step8.jpg

Step 8: Make the tension rod.
a. Mark the center point in the raw cut end of piece C. Hold it in a bench clamp or clamp it to your workbench and use the 3/16″ drill bit to pre-drill the hole.
b. Use the pliers to grab one end of the hanger bolt and screw it into the pre-drilled hole you just created.
c. Screw into place by fitting the hanger bolt into the slot with the washer and wing nut on the other side.

inkleloom-finishedh.jpg

And that’s it. You are now a proud owner of your very own inkle loom! Now all you need to do is warp it and weave some amazing things.

Here’s a list of inkle loom resources I find useful:

One of my favorite YouTube tutorials is How to Warp and Weave on the Schact Inkle Loom by Jane Patrick.

Inkle Weaving by Helene Bress is a great book to get you going.
Inkle Weaving

Earth Guild’s Free Inkle Weaving Instructions

Beginning Inkle Weaving by Heather Heroldt has a nice list of other resources – scroll to the bottom of the page for her guide.

Sara Lamb’s post, Inkle 101, on her blog Woven Thoughts. It’s a really nice run-through of warping and weaving a basic strap.

About the Author:

inkleloom-author.jpg

Kristin M. Roach, creator of the popular website Craft Leftovers, is the author of Mend It BetterMend It Better (due out February 2012). As founder of the non-profit Ames C.art, she enjoys organizing community art programs and inspiring others to live creatively. Her designs have been featured in a variety of publications, including Interweave Knits, KnitScene, Craft, Make and the book Button It Up by Susan Beal. She lives in Iowa with her husband and a mini-farm worth of animals.


source: www.youtube.com

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